Industry News

Court Structure of Texas


  1. All justice courts and most municipal courts are not courts of record. Appeals from these courts are by trial de novo in the county-level courts, and in some instances in the district courts.
  2. Some municipal courts are courts of record—appeals from the courts are taken on the record to the county-level courts. As of April 2020, 188 courts indicated that they were a court of record; a list is posted on our About Texas Courts page.
  3. An offense that arises under a municipal ordinance is punishable by a fine not to exceed: (1) $2,000 for ordinances that govern fire safety, zoning, and public health, (2) $4,000 for dumping of refuse or (3) $500 for all others.

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