- All justice courts and most municipal courts are not courts of record. Appeals from these courts are by trial de novo in the county-level courts, and in some instances in the district courts.
- Some municipal courts are courts of record—appeals from the courts are taken on the record to the county-level courts. As of April 2020, 188 courts indicated that they were a court of record; a list is posted on our About Texas Courts page.
- An offense that arises under a municipal ordinance is punishable by a fine not to exceed: (1) $2,000 for ordinances that govern fire safety, zoning, and public health, (2) $4,000 for dumping of refuse or (3) $500 for all others.
Article courtesy of: https://www.txcourts.gov/media/